Violent activities during the 1950s and 1960s

From the early 1960s onwards, there were disagreements about what direction the civil rights movement should take. There were several reasons for this:

  • Martin Luther King began to doubt whether non-violent protests were effective, due to the high number of injuries and deaths of protesters.
  • The main aims of the campaign had been achieved. Efforts to end discrimination in the southern states were more or less over.
  • The problems experienced by black Americans in the northern ghettos had not been addressed. Many northern black people were attracted by a more aggressive approach to achieving equality.

The video below shows a black teenager, James Cross take a walk around Harlem and describe what its like living there in 1964.