Violent activities during the 1950s and 1960s
From the early 1960s onwards, there were disagreements about what direction the civil rights movement should take. There were several reasons for this:
- Martin Luther King began to doubt whether non-violent protests were effective, due to the high number of injuries and deaths of protesters.
- The main aims of the campaign had been achieved. Efforts to end discrimination in the southern states were more or less over.
- The problems experienced by black Americans in the northern ghettos had not been addressed. Many northern black people were attracted by a more aggressive approach to achieving equality.
The video below shows a black teenager, James Cross take a walk around Harlem and describe what its like living there in 1964.