The 1905 revolution

From the late 19th century through to the outbreak of World War One in 1914, a series of threats to the Tsar's authority developed. At the end of the war these factors led to revolution and brought about the end of 300 years of Tsarist rule.

Wedding group of 19th century nobles
Nicholas II (standing, left) and Grand Duke Sergei (seated)

The first major threat came during the rule of Nicholas II in the form of the 1905 Revolution:  

  • Strikes spread across the country and illegal trade unions were widespread.
  • Grand Duke Sergei, Nicholas II’s uncle, was assassinated near the Kremlin in Moscow.
  • A mutiny broke out amongst the sailors on the battleship Potemkin.
  • There was a general strike in October.

There are a number of long term and short term causes of the 1905 Revolution.