Don't forget to take a ruler and scientific calculator into the exam.
Maths questions often start with the command word calculate. You need to use numbers given in the question to work out the answer.
When an answer to a maths question is marked:
Take extra care when converting between units.
Make sure you give answers to a suitable number of significant figures.
Maths questions might ask you to plot or complete a graph or table. When you draw a graph, make sure you:
You may be given a grid with axes labelled and scales already given. Sometimes you may be given an empty grid for you to supply your own axes. When you do this:
These questions have been written by Bitesize consultants as suggestions to the types of questions that may appear in an exam paper.
Calcium nitrate contains calcium ions and nitrate ions.
Calculate the relative formula mass of calcium nitrate, Ca(NO3)2.
(relative atomic masses: Ca = 40, N = 14, O = 16) [2 marks]
40 + (2 × 14) + (6 x 16) 
= 164 
Magnesium reacts with oxygen:
2Mg + O2 → 2MgO
Calculate the maximum mass of magnesium oxide that can be formed from 4.8 g of magnesium.
(Relative atomic mass of Mg = 24; relative formula mass of MgO = 40) [2 marks]
24 g of Mg produces 40 g of MgO. 
so 4.8 g of Mg produces 40 × 4.8/24 = 8 g 
Calculate the mass of 0.25 mol of carbon dioxide, CO2.
(relative atomic masses: C = 12, O = 16) [2 marks]
12 + (2 × 16) = 44 
(mass of 1 mole = 44 g)
0.25 mol × 44 g/mol = 11 g 
50 cm3 of potassium hydroxide solution of concentration 40 g/dm3 is needed for an experiment.
Calculate the mass of potassium hydroxide that must be dissolved in water to make 50 cm3 of solution of this concentration. [2 marks]
Volume in dm3 = 50 /1000 = 0.050 dm3
Mass = concentration × volume
Mass = 40 g/dm3 × 0.050 dm3 
= 2 g