Causes of different urban growth in UK cities

There are wide differences in the rates of urbanisation in the UK. Between 1991 and 2001, some urban areas such as London and Nottingham saw increases of over 8% whilst others such as Liverpool and Glasgow saw significant declines of over 2%.

Greater London, West Yorkshire, Nottingham and Bristol have had large population increases. Liverpool, Glasgow and Manchester have seen small population decreases.Population change between 1991 and 2001 censuses. Source: 2001 and 1991 Census - Office for National Statistics, General Register Office for Scotland

This is a result of the continued decline of heavy industries in northern cities such as Liverpool and Glasgow and the continued southwards drift of people to London and other cities in the south such as Bristol. Some areas such as Nottingham and West Yorkshire have seen natural increases where the birth rates of recent migrants have been higher than the indigenous population and so lead to a higher population.

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