In 1715, there was an attempted rising by Jacobites against the Hanoverian monarchy. This became known as 'the 15.'
Jacobites longed for a restoration of the Stuart dynasty and from 1707 they were supported by Scottish anti-Union groups.
The Jacobites favoured an Episcopalian Church.
An attempted rising in 1708 had been unsuccessful which led to increased determination amongst anti-Hanoverians.
George I, who became King in 1714 upon Anne’s death, was unpopular, which led to an increase in support for the Jacobites.
Popular support for the Jacobite movement increased due to growing Jacobite culture - poems, songs and fiddle tunes persuaded many that the return of a Stuart monarchy would be good.
The Earl of Mar organised a gathering of Jacobite clans at Braemar and told them of the weaknesses of Scottish military defences. The possibility of French support encouraged many and the Jacobites were already strengthened by support from the Episcopalian Church.
Poverty in parts of Scotland led to people believing that it would be better if Scotland was independent.