Negative economic impact


The Equivalent was not paid for several years.

Textiles, paper and linen manufacturers suffered from English competition and increased taxes, and there was also increased smuggling of goods into Scotland because of goods duties.


After 1707, new taxes raised the prices of Scottish goods which benefited English manufacturers.

Duties on linen in 1711 and 1715. and the Soap Act of 1714 upset many people in Scotland. The Salt Tax of 1711 was especially unpopular and resulted in riots.

When a malt tax was proposed in 1713 riots broke out all over Scotland. As a result of increased goods duties, there were attacks on customs officers and an increase in the smuggling of goods into Scotland.

Effects of modernisation

Enclosures replaced runrig systems and there were outbreaks of fence-smashing by labourers not able to afford enclosures.