Strategies to minimise impact/effects

Sustainable energy resources

Green energy - wind and solar power

To meet increasing global demand for energy, while reducing the risk of either causing, damage to the environment or contributing to global warming, there are a number of challenges that need to be addressed:

  • Developing countries reduce deforestation and planting more trees.
  • Countries find new sources of energy and develop existing sources that are more sustainable than fossil fuels.
  • Industries and domestic consumers of energy stop wasting it.
  • Developed countries start to switch from fossil fuels to alternative sources – solar, wind, tidal and hydro-electric power.
  • As developing countries start to use more energy they are encouraged to develop more sustainable sources of energy and to control their population growth so they use less.

Micro renewables

The purpose of sustainability is to manage resources so future generations can use the resources too. International concern has led many countries to try to reduce their use and consumption of carbon-based fossil fuels.

World summits enable governments to get together and discuss global strategies. Many governments signed the Kyoto Protocol, committing them to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Loch Lomond - hydroelectric power

Carbon credits

This is a scheme aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions. It is based on the idea of the 'polluter pays' according to how much pollution they generate. The idea is that people are encouraged to pollute less, as it will cost them less in carbon taxes.