When analysing structure, think about how Shakespeare has ordered his text - how he has put it together. There are two aspects to consider here:
The play is split into five acts. Below is a summary of what happens in each act.
When analysing the structure of Romeo and Juliet, think about how Shakespeare develops a key theme or character throughout the narrative and plot of the play.
Why does Shakespeare open Romeo and Juliet with a prologue that details the play's content?
When analysing structure, it can also be looked at from a sentence level - thinking about how a writer has created a sentence and to what purpose. Below is an extract from the play's first prologue.
The fearful passage of their death-marked love,
And the continuance of their parents' rage,
Which but their children's end naught could remove,
Is now the two hours' traffic of our stage:
The which, if you with patient ears attend,
What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.