William Beveridge was a social policy expert who had worked with the Liberal government at the start of the 1900s, helping to develop their social policies and reforms.
During the war, Beveridge was asked to investigate social security in Britain.
The committee led by Beveridge identified five major problems which prevented people from bettering themselves:
The Committee’s Report on Social Insurance and Allied Services was published in December 1942. It became known as the Beveridge Report.
It contained a number of recommendations:
The challenge of addressing the ‘Five Giants’ led to the establishment of the Welfare State under the Labour government.