The carbon-12 atom, is the standard atom against which the masses of other atoms are compared. The relative atomic mass of an element is the average mass of its atoms, compared to 1/12th the mass of a carbon-12 atom. The relative atomic mass, Ar, of an element is calculated from:
Chlorine naturally exists as two isotopes, (chlorine-35) and (chlorine-37). The abundance of chlorine-35 is 75% and the abundance of chlorine-37 is 25%. In other words, in every 100 chlorine atoms, 75 atoms have a mass number of 35, and 25 atoms have a mass number of 37.
To calculate the relative atomic mass, Ar, of chlorine:
(to 1 decimal place)
Notice that the answer is closer to 35 than it is to 37. This is because the chlorine-35 isotope is much more abundant than the chlorine-37 isotope.
The table shows the mass numbers and abundances of naturally occurring copper isotopes.
Calculate the relative atomic mass of copper. Give your answer to 1 decimal place.