The Soviet War in Afghanistan had far-reaching effects on the USSR and the USA.
Although Mikhail Gorbachev had withdrawn Soviet forces from there in 1989, a dangerous political situation remained there.
Millions had died from starvation or from the Soviet bombings and raids.
Among the survivors was a generation of people that had known only war, hatred, and fear.
Several million Afghans had either fled to neighbouring Pakistan for refuge or had become internal refugees.
The Soviet invasion and withdrawal resulted in a weak state full of religious hatred and deep resentment of richer nations.
This would become a breeding ground for terrorism.