Album and single covers are an important way of marketing music.
In physical copies of an album or a single, an insert is included that gives extra information about the artist.
An album or single cover can help create the star image in the same way as a music video
The back cover usually contains the names of the songs on the album or single - this is important as it may be the popularity of certain singles which encourages someone to buy it.
Another important platform used by record companies to market music is the internet, where official sites exist to promote albums, singles and artists.
The typical codes and conventions of offical band or artist websites are:
Aside from official sites, artists can benefit from online promotion via fan sites.
Fan sites will differ from site to site, depending on what aspect of the band or artist they want to focus on.
Often they have low production values and are more about the fan than the artist.
Social media has become a very important marketing tool for the music industry, not only via the official social media accounts of bands and artists, but also indirectly via fans using social media to share comments on the music they love.
Media texts can be shared so quickly on social media that one person posting a newly released video can see it go viral in a matter of hours.
Unsigned bands or artists that do not yet have record deals can also attract the attention of record companies via social media, as was the case for the Arctic Monkeys.
Ben Taylor's music journey