The chance of developing a non-communicable disease can be increased or decreased depending upon a person’s lifestyle or the genes they inherit. Two common types are cancer & cardiovascular disease.
Which of these could be used to treat heart failure?
A heart transplant
What is a carcinogen?
A chemical that prevents cancer
A chemical that causes cancer
A type of cancer
What happens when a cell becomes cancerous?
It grows and divides uncontrollably
It grows and dies uncontrollably
It shrinks and divides uncontrollably
Which of these is a risk factor for liver cirrhosis?
Drinking lots of alcohol
Drinking lots of water
Drinking lots of coffee
What happens when a person develops bronchitis?
The bronchioles become inflamed
The trachea becomes inflamed
The oesophagus becomes inflamed
Which of these is a disadvantage of using heart transplants to treat heart failure?
There is no risk of an immune response
There is a risk the immune system will accept it
There is a risk of rejection by the immune system
What is an advantage of using a stent to open up narrowed arteries?
Fast recovery time
Slow recovery time
Further treatment may be required
The risk of a heart attack is increased by which of these?
Low blood pressure
Widening of arteries
What is a non-communicable disease?
A disease that can be transferred from one person to another
A disease that is not transferred from one person to another
A disease that is not caused by genetics
What are statins?
Drugs that help lower blood glucose
Drugs that help suppress the immune system
Drugs that help lower blood cholesterol