Volcanic eruptions can cause devastation for human life. Volcanoes both dormant and active are located in different parts of the world and are closely related to the structure of the Earth.
What is the bowl-shaped basin in the top of the volcano called?
The magma chamber
What are the characteristics of a composite volcano?
Covers a wide area
What are the characteristics of a shield volcano?
Layers of ash and lava
Gently sloping sides
Where is the Nyiragongo volcano?
Democratic Republic of Congo
Why did cholera spread following the eruption of the Nyamuragira volcano?
New people moved into the area bringing the disease with them
There was a lack of sanitation in areas that people fled to
All of the doctors in the country were killed
What was one social impact of the Nyamuragira eruption of 2002?
Homes were destroyed
People lost businesses and jobs
Aviation fuel stores exploded.
What was unusual about the Eyjafjallajokull eruption of 2010?
It happened underneath the sea
It happened in the desert
It happened beneath an ice sheet
Which of the following was an effect of the Eyjafjallajokull volcano eruption that affected Iceland itself?
Agricultural land was damaged
Air travel was severely disrupted across Europe
European businesses lost trade
Which of the following was an effect of the Eyjafjallajokull volcano eruption that affected other countries in Europe?
Some roads were destroyed
People were asked to stay indoors because of the ash in the air
Travel was severely disrupted as many flights were cancelled
Why did the Eyjafjallajokull volcano lead to flooding?
As sea levels increased
As it rained more than usual
As glaciers melted