Eschatology is a term used to describe religious ideas or beliefs about death, judgement and the afterlife. While most Christians believe that there is some form of life after death, there are various Christian interpretations of this belief.
Christianity teaches that:
The Catholic Church teaches that after death, people who have been perfectly purified will go to Heaven. Catholics who have died with unforgiven sins will go to Purgatory. Those whose sins remain unforgiven and who are not remorseful for their sinful acts will go to Hell. These are likely to be people who committed hideous crimes against humanity and humankind, and whose evil actions had a wide-reaching impact.
Most Catholics believe that all Christians will eventually go to Heaven and that the good followers of any religion are able to go to Heaven.
Protestants do not believe in Purgatory. Article 22 of the 39 Articles of the Church of England states that there is no such place. The justification for this is that Purgatory is not mentioned in the Bible. Some Protestants also believe there is no such place as Hell, only levels of Heaven, and that everyone will eventually reach Heaven.
Liberal Protestants believe that the soul lives on eternally after death in a spirit world. They believe that a person’s afterlife will depend on how the person lived their life on Earth.
Corinthians 5:1–10 is a key passage in understanding Christian beliefs about the afterlife. It states that Christians will have a non-physical home in Heaven, and it also states that because Christians should be aiming for Heaven, they should do all they can to please God on Earth. They will be judged by God on the good and bad deeds they have done on Earth.
For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each of us may receive what is due us for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad.Corinthians 5:1–10