Soft engineering does not involve building artificial structures, but takes a more sustainable and natural approach to managing the coast. Each strategy has its advantages and disadvantages for use.
Sand is pumped onto an existing beach to build it up.
The sediment is redistributed from the lower part of the beach to the upper part of the beach.
Marram grass planted on sand dunes stabilises the dunes and helps to trap sand to build them up.
Old tyres and cement can be placed in the intertidal zone, parallel to the coast, to create off-shore reefs. This encourages waves to break offshore. This reduces the energy of the wave which reaches the shoreline and therefore causes less erosion.