Sections of a text

When discussing the structure of a text, it is important to consider the effects created by the areas mentioned below, as well as how it looks on the page.

The opening of a text usually introduces the writer’s main topic or subject. In most text types, the writer wants to catch the reader's attention and hint at what is to come. If the opening is not effective, the reader might lose interest and stop reading.

The middle section is often a balance between liveliness and detail. It is where the writer must develop the main ideas and even include explanations and support. These will often be presented in stages or with several twists and turns of argument.

The ending generally sums up the main idea of the text, that is, its writer’s ‘controlling idea’. It can make a final point, or bring a conclusion, for example to a story.