As well as taking hold of the White House in 2016, the Republicans also retained their majority in both the Senate and the House of Representatives (Congress). They currently have 52 of 100 Senators and 241 of the 435 Congressmen/women.
Nationally, Donald Trump won 47% of the vote to Hillary Clinton's 48% – yet this translated into 306 Electoral College votes for the Republicans and 232 for the Democrats.
Seven battleground states were successfully won by Trump during the 2016 election, including Florida and Ohio. Battleground or swing states are those which tend to switch allegiance from election to election due to changing demographics or personal factors such as a candidate coming from that state or region.
According to exit polls, Mr Trump was particularly popular among non-college-educated white men as well as older voters. His electoral victory was underpinned by his success in winning over white voters while nine in ten black voters supported Hillary Clinton.
Comparing to the 2012 US elections, 93% of African Americans, 71% of Hispanics and 73% of Asian voters opted for Obama. Furthermore, only 39% of white people voted for Obama. Romney attracted 59% of the white vote.