Scotland is part of the United Kingdom (UK). The UK is a constitutional monarchy. The monarch (currently Queen Elizabeth II) is the head of state but her role is largely symbolic with no real power.The Government runs the country on her behalf with Parliament having responsibility for making laws.
A constitution sets out the rules and regulations of how a country is governed. The UK does not have a straightforward written constitution like the USA. Instead our constitution is a combination of many things like the laws passed by parliament, European law, conventions based on what we did in the past and decisions taken by judges in court cases.
Representatives include Members of Parliament (MPs), Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) and local councillors.
These representatives are usually members of a political party. In Scotland the main political parties are:
As Scotland is part of the United Kingdom some of the decisions which decide what happens in Scotland are made at the UK Parliament at Westminster, London.
Since 1999, some decisions for Scotland have been taken at the Scottish Parliament at Holyrood in Edinburgh. In addition, councillors make local decisions in each of the 32 local councils in Scotland e.g. Glasgow City Council