Many LEDCs have experienced very fast growth in recent years.
Birth rates remain very high but there is an ever-increasing number of people living in the economically active group (from 15 to 65 years old).
As a result many LEDCs have moved from Stage 1 in the demographic transition model to Stage 3 very quickly.
The high birth rate in LEDCs results in a high proportion of the population under 15. This youthful population gives a country specific problems.
The problems include:
|Social implications||Economic implications|
|1. Opportunities for Young People: Lack of education and employment opportunities may lead young people to crime in order to survive and make a living.||1. Employment/Education: The large number of people aged 0 – 15 will put a huge pressure on the education system. Many LEDCs will not have enough money for universal education. There are often few employment opportunities.|
|2. Medical care: Very little free healthcare for children in LEDCs. In many cultures it is easier to allow a sick child to die and be replaced by having another child than by spending money on medicine.||2. Healthcare: in LEDCs people cannot afford the most basic of healthcare and will rely on charities. Medicine will be basic and expensive – people will continue to die from treatable illnesses.|
|3. Overcrowding: Children often live in very squalid, cramped conditions which will allow illness to spread quickly. Many children will have lost their parents and will be forced to live in orphanages.|