Jesus as the Son of God

Jesus – the incarnation

Jesus Christ is the incarnation of God. He is ‘God made flesh.’

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In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made.(John 1:1-3)

Jesus is one Person of the Holy Trinity and is God in human form on Earth. Jesus is both:

  • fully human, as he suffered human pain and died a human death
  • fully divine, as he performed miracles and rose from the dead

Jesus as the Word

John’s Gospel starts by describing Jesus as the Word, ie the Living Word of God. Jesus is the Word that was revealed in the Old Testament, made flesh and God revealed to humans on Earth. In the Old Testament the Word was revealed through the prophets, whereas in the New Testament the Word is revealed through the Person of Christ.

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And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld his glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth.(John 1:14)

Jesus as Messiah

The term Messiah is Hebrew and means ‘anointed one’, a title given to the Person believed to be the saviour and the one who will bring salvation to humankind. The term ‘anointed one’ is used in both Christianity and Judaism.

Throughout the New Testament there is proof of Jesus as the chosen one through his resurrection from the dead and the miracles he performed. The Messiah was sent to save humanity spiritually and this salvation was gained through his death and resurrection. In Matthew’s Gospel (16:13-17), Peter declares Jesus as the Messiah, Simon Peter answered, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God. Through this statement Jesus is confirmed as the Messiah. In other words, he is confirmed as the chosen one who was sent to do God’s will.

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The terms Messiah and Christ both mean ‘anointed one.’

Jesus as Saviour

Jesus’ death and resurrection proves to Christians that he is the Saviour that God promised and the path to salvation. Through Christ’s death on the cross, Christians are saved from eternal damnation and are given the hope of salvation. Through his death and resurrection, Jesus atoned for the sins of humanity, allowing them to be reconciled with God. Christians believe that Christ is the only way to salvation, and that salvation will be for those who believe, as well as those who do not believe. In John’s Gospel it is stated that without God’s sacrifice of his only Son, there would be no salvation or redemption for humanity.

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For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.John 3:16