The nature of God

There are a number of ways to describe the nature of God from a Catholic perspective.

  • Monotheism - Catholics believe that there is only one God. They are monotheists.
  • Trinity - most Christians believe that there are three distinct Persons to this one God and that these three Persons form a unity. This belief is called the doctrine of the Trinity:
    • God the Father - the creator and sustainer of all things.
    • God the Son - the incarnation of God as a human being, Jesus Christ, on Earth.
    • God theHoly Spirit - the power of God which is active in the world, drawing people towards God.
  • Holy - God is 'other', different from anything else - separate and sacred.
  • Omnipotence - God is all-powerful. Everything consistent with God's nature is possible.
  • Omniscience - God is all-knowing, of past, present and future.
  • Omnibenevolence - God is all-good/all-loving.
  • Omnipresence - God is present everywhere.