Revolt of enslaved people

Some enslaved people resisted by planning rebellions. Rebellions were put down with the help of forces from either the British Army or the Royal Navy.

Jamaica 1831

During a massive rebellion of enslaved people in Jamaica, more than 200,000 rebels seized control of the north-west corner of the island, setting planters' houses on fire. It took the British Army a month to regain control. At least 340 rebels were hanged or shot afterwards.

The Maroons

The ‘Maroons’ of Jamaica were a mixture of indigenous islanders and people who had run away from slavery hiding out on the island.

For over 80 years they held out and lived in the mountains. From their remote hideouts they mounted raids on the plantations.

They used guerrilla warfare to hold out against the British forces. In 1739, a treaty was drawn up between the British and the Maroons to make peace.