In the early 1960s alternative approaches to the Civil Rights movement developed. Organisations which advocated different approaches included the Nation of Islam and the Black Panthers.
What was the original surname of Malcolm X?
What did the Nation of Islam believe?
Blacks and Whites should be completely separated
Blacks and Whites should mix as much as possible
Blacks should try to get rid of White people
Who first used the phrase ‘Black Power’?
Martin Luther King
Who set up the Black Panthers?
Huey Newton and Stokely Carmichael
Malcolm X and Bobby Seale
Huey Newton and Bobby Seale
How did Malcolm X’s trip to the Middle East and Africa change his views?
He realised that some White people were even more racist than he first thought
He realised that White people were better than Black people
He realised that some White people should not be considered as the enemy
Which organisation tracked the movements of Malcolm X?
The US Army
What did the Kerner Commission find out?
The race riots were caused by criminals
Black Americans did not cause the race riots
Poverty was the main cause of race riots
What happened at the Mexico City Olympic Games?
Two Black American athletes gave the Black Power salute while collecting their medals
Black Americans protested during the opening ceremony of the games
Black athletes were not allowed to be part of the US team for the games
What was Affirmative Action?
Affirmative Action limited how many Black Americans could be employed by the government
Affirmative Action meant the government had to employ a certain percentage of Black Americans
Affirmative Action banned the government from employing Black Americans