Assisted Reproductive Technology is the use of hormones and procedures, as fertility treatments, to help to achieve pregnancy. These include in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and a fertility drug, clomifene.
Fertility treatments increase a woman's chance of becoming pregnant, although the treatment may not always work. On the other hand, because the treatment boosts the production of mature eggs, it increases the chance of twins or triplets. Multiple pregnancies carry a risk of complications, and may lead to premature or underweight babies.
If a couple are having difficulty conceiving a child because there are issues with the quality of the man's sperm, or a woman has blocked oviducts, then IVF can be used.
The development of microscopy techniques have allowed IVF treatments to be developed further.
Some women have difficulty becoming pregnant because they do not ovulate (release eggs).
Clomifene is a drug used as a fertility drug to stimulate ovulation, the release of eggs. It works by blocking the action of oestrogen's negative feedback on LH. Therefore more LH is released in a surge. This mimics the LH surge which occurs just before ovulation.