After 1826, large numbers of people began to go abroad:
A postcard illustrating the British Empire
By 1885, there were 5 million British people living outside the UK.
Most went to America and Canada, seeking cheap farmland, or their fortune - especially in the 'gold rushes'.
Many colonists went to South Africa and New Zealand to work as farmers.
Criminals, Chartists and rebels were transported to Australia which was a penal colony, meaning that it was used as a large prison. The prisoners sent there were used to work on the land and made it fit to farm and live on.