This basic structure of a plant cell is shown below:
Animal and plant cells have some structures in common.
Plant cells also have additional structures:
|Structure||How it is related to its function|
|Chloroplast||Organelles that contain the green pigment, chlorophyll, which absorbs light energy for photosynthesis. Contains the enzymes needed for photosynthesis.|
|Cell wall||Made from cellulose fibres, it strengthens the cell and supports the plant.|
|Permanent vacuole||Filled with cell sap to push the cell contents against the cell wall and keep the cell turgid.|
Animal cells may also have vacuoles but these are small and temporary. In animals, they are commonly used to store or transport substances.