Plant cells

This basic structure of a plant cell is shown below:

The basic structure of a plant cell

Animal and plant cells have some structures in common.

Plant cells also have additional structures:

StructureHow it is related to its function
ChloroplastOrganelles that contain the green pigment, chlorophyll, which absorbs light energy for photosynthesis. Contains the enzymes needed for photosynthesis.
Cell wallMade from cellulose fibres, it strengthens the cell and supports the plant.
Permanent vacuoleFilled with cell sap to push the cell contents against the cell wall and keep the cell turgid.

Animal cells may also have vacuoles but these are small and temporary. In animals, they are commonly used to store or transport substances.