A resource is something that exists within the environment. It has the potential to have value. The Antarctic Treaty has banned the exploitation of extracting resources for 50 years. However, global issues still place pressure to exploit these resources.
There are many resources in Antarctica, which include:
Tourism also offers potential because of the attraction of this unique wilderness.
The map below shows where resources are in Antarctica.
Extracting oil from Antarctica has been too expensive to consider in the past. However, as more land is exposed, building pipelines on the land is becoming a more viable option. As the price of oil increases and the availability of oil decreases, countries look to Antarctica as a possible location for supply.
Extraction of oil and minerals is banned for 50 years through the Antarctic treaty.
The Antarctic Treaty was agreed in 1961 to help control human activity in the location and also to resolve disagreements over territory. It has been agreed that: