There are many reasons, physical and human, to explain differences in levels of development between countries. Factors such as climate and government type are important to a country’s development.
Which of the statements below is false?
Most countries in the southern hemisphere are developing
All countries in the southern hemisphere are developing
Most countries in the northern hemisphere are developed
Which of the statements below is true about the model of development that represents different countries on a hill slope?
One model of development considers all countries on a hill slope, with the richest developed countries like Japan at the top
The poorest developing countries like Burkina Faso are in the middle of the hill
The most well off developing countries are the Newly Industrialised Countries (NICs), like Ethiopia which would be halfway up the hill beside the poorest of the developed
Which of the following is a PHYSICAL reason to explain differences in levels of development between developing countries?
High population growth
There may be a low level of industrialisation
Some of the poorest countries are in the Sahel zone of Africa, like Mali and Chad
Which of the following is a HUMAN reason to explain differences in levels of development between developing countries?
Areas that are naturally linked to endemic disease will also struggle to develop
Mountains and steep slopes make it difficult to farm, live and earn a living
Some areas are more likely to be hit by floods, hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes or by drought
Which of the following is a POLITICAL reason to explain differences in levels of development between developing countries?
Some countries are ruled by dictators, such as Robert Mugabe in Zimbabwe
Many developing countries are burdened with debt repayments and suffer from barriers to trade, such as tariffs and quotas imposed by developed countries
Areas lacking in mineral resources (eg coal, diamonds, oil) and areas with poor soils or poor drainage will remain less developed
Which of the following statements is true of Ethiopia?
Foreign investment attracted and multinationals keen to be involved
Civil war and an unstable, corrupt government
Naturally occurring resources