In the period between the two World Wars, Scotland had the highest emigration rate of any European country:
After World War One, the government set up the Overseas Settlement Committee to help ex-soldiers emigrate.
The Empire Settlement Act of 1922 provided the first large scale government assisted migration programme. It was intended to boost the rural populations of Canada and other parts of the British Empire. Subsidies were paid to emigrants who agreed to work the land for a certain period of time.
The Canadian government actively encouraged emigration from Scotland. Full-time agents based in Glasgow and Inverness promoted a move to Canada.