Evaluation of different treatment methods

Drugs used alongside heart conditions and transplants prolong life.

NHS data shows the life expectancy of heart transplant patients:

Life expectancy in yearsProportion of patients, in per cent
> 180 - 90
> 570 - 75
> 1050

Evaluating the treatment methods

TreatmentAdvantagesDisadvantages
Drugs - statinsReduce the risk of heart attack. Studies have shown a decrease in 'bad cholesterol' and an increase on 'good cholesterol.' Used to reduce high cholesterol levels that have genetic causes. May have beneficial effects on other conditions.Not suitable for people with liver disease. Some side effects. Must be taken for life. Should not be taken if pregnant or breastfeeding.
Heart transplantImprove quality of life.Few donor hearts are available. Recovery time is long. There is a risk of rejection by the body's immune system.
Replacement heart valvesRestore blood flow through the heart.Biological valves may wear out. Blood clots may stick to mechanical valves - anti-blood clotting drugs need to be taken.
StentsWiden coronary arteries that have not responded to drug treatment. The recovery time is short following insertion of the stent.In a minority of cases, further treatment is required.