Crude oil is a finite resource. Petrol and other fuels are produced from it using fractional distillation. Cracking is used to convert long alkanes into shorter, more useful hydrocarbons.
Which of the following is an alkane?
What is the general formula for an alkane?
What is the name of the alkane with the formula C3H8?
What is meant by the term saturated, when applied to hydrocarbons?
Molecules contain at least one C=C double bond
All carbon atoms are joined by C-C single bonds
Molecules contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms
What is the name of the process which separates crude oil into simpler mixtures of hydrocarbon compounds?
Where in the fractionating column will the longest hydrocarbons condense?
At the top
In the middle
At the bottom
Which of the following is an alkene?
What is produced during the complete combustion of propane?
Water and carbon
Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide and water
What is seen when ethene is bubbled through bromine water?
A colour change from orange to colourless
A colour change from green to red
The bromine water goes cloudy
Which of these alkanes has the highest boiling point?