When Mary of Guise prepared to introduce a new tax in 1559, there was outcry amongst the nobility, the very people who would be most affected. When she failed to introduce the tax as a result of this questioning, she was left weakened.
Meanwhile, opposition to Catholics continued with The Beggars’ Summons.
During the winter of 1558-59, anonymous notices were nailed to the doors of many friaries, demanding that the friars leave as they were 'rich and ungodly'. It was felt that the needs of the poor were greater and were being ignored.
The arrival of John Knox at Leith on the 2 May 1559 gave the Protestant cause greater direction.
Knox preached at St John’s Kirk in Perth and his sermon caused a riot where religious houses were attacked and their statues and decorations smashed.
The Protestants also took over in Stirling and Edinburgh, where John Knox became minister of St Giles.