In 1545 the English had encouraged George Wishart to tour Scotland and spread Protestant ideas by preaching. This helped to inspire future Protestant leaders such as John Knox.
When Cardinal Beaton had George Wishart executed, he became even more unpopular with the Protestants and in 1545 Beaton himself was murdered by Protestants in St Andrews Castle.
After the Battle of Pinkie in 1547, English garrisons, in position along the border, distributed English translations of the Bible to local people.
In 1557 a group of Scottish Lords, united to promote the Protestant faith. They became known as the Lords of the Congregation. They were frustrated by Mary of Guise's actions and wanted to see some changes made to the Church.
By 1558, in some of the East coast burghs, Protestant congregations began to meet for worship using the English Prayer Book for their services.
They were encouraged by the fact that following the years of ‘Bloody Mary’ (the former Catholic Queen of England, Mary Tudor), Elizabeth was now the Protestant Queen of England.
In 1559 Perth and Dundee announced that they were now also Protestant towns.