The Labour Government was keen to improve housing, and this was part of their attack on the 'giant' of squalor.
Bombing during World War Two was estimated to have destroyed 500,000 homes and many were left badly damaged, especially in cities like Coventry and London. Many houses needed modernisation, for example 500,000 homes did not have an indoor toilet in 1950.
The Government attempted to solve these issues by building over 1.2 million new homes between 1946 and 1951. Four out of the five houses were council houses built by the local councils, to be rented by families. 156,623 prefabricated houses, known as prefabs, were built in some areas. These were a quick solution to the housing shortage.
The 1946 New Towns Act authorised the building of new towns at places such as Stevenage and Harlow in England, and Cwmbran in Wales, to reduce overcrowding in the cities.