The Labour Government introduced changes to try to make society a fairer place.
This set the school-leaving age at 15, and introduced free secondary schools. Pupils took an ‘11-plus’ IQ test that determined whether they went to grammar school, secondary modern school or technical school so the choice of school was based on ability not parents' income.
Parents were given 5 shillings (£7.54 in today's money) per week for each child after their firstborn. This was to help cover some of the costs involved in bringing up children, eg clothes, food.
Unemployment pay for six months and sick pay for as long as you were sick. Maternity benefit. Death grant to help with funeral costs. Old age pensions at 65 for men and 60 for women.
Extra benefits for people injured at work.
Authorised the building of new towns at places such as Stevenage, Basildon, Newton Wycliffe and Peterlee.
Aneurin Bevan's NHS Act came into effect on 5 July 1948. Doctors, hospitals, dentists, opticians, ambulances, midwives and health visitors were available, free to everybody.
This law set a target of building 300,000 new houses a year and 1.25 million council houses were built between 1945 and 1951. It also defined green belt land that had to be kept rural.
Required councils to provide good housing and care for all children 'deprived of a normal home life'.
By adopting the ideas in the economist J M Keynes's book, General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money (1936), the Government learned how to keep the economy vibrant by increasing public spending.