Persecution of Jewish people

The following shows how the Nazis treatment of the Jewish people developed during the 1930s.

1933

School lessons to reflect the view that Jewish people were 'Untermensch'.

1933 - April Boycott

  • On 1 April 1933, a boycott of Jewish shops and other businesses took place.
  • Many Jewish shops were vandalised.
Boycott outside Jewish store with placards saying “Germans defend yourselves! Don't buy from Jews”.
Boycott outside a Jewish store

1935 - Nuremberg Laws

  • These laws removed many Jewish rights.
  • Jewish people were denied the right to be German citizens.
  • Marriage and relationships between Jewish people and Germans became illegal.

1938

  • Jewish people had to carry identity cards which showed a 'J' stamp.
  • Jewish children were denied education and banned from schools.
  • Jewish men had to add 'Israel' to their name,women had to add 'Sarah'.

Kristallnacht

A shop damaged during Kristallnacht
A shop damaged during Kristallnacht

  • On the night of the 9 November 1938, Jewish homes, businesses and synagogues were attacked throughout Germany and Austria.
  • Around 7,500 Jewish shops were damaged or destroyed and 400 synagogues were burned to the ground.
  • Almost 100 Jewish people were killed and 30,000 were sent to concentration camps.

1939

A group of Jewish men, women and children display the Star of David emblem on their clothing
A group of Jews display the Star of David emblem

  • The first ghettoes (segregated housing within towns, with a controlled entrance and exit) were opened in Eastern Europe to separate Jewish people from ‘ordinary’ citizens.
  • Star of David Emblem - on 23 November 1939 Jewish people were ordered to wear the Star of David on their clothes. This helped identify them more easily.