Summary of migration between Britain and North West Europe

Five maps illustraing the migrations between Britain, and North and Western Europe

793-1016: Viking journeys to England

  • The 9th and 10th centuries are known as ‘The Viking Age’ in England because of the continuous invasions of Scandinavian raiders.
  • Large numbers of Scandinavians, mostly Danes, settled in England during this period and England even had three Danish kings between 1013 and 1042.

1066: The Norman invasion

  • In 1066 the last successful invasion of England brought large numbers of Normans from the north of France to England.

1607: Migration during the Ulster Plantations

  • King James VI of Scotland became King James I of England and united the English and Scottish Crowns.
  • The two countries had been at war with each other for centuries but were united by their Protestant faith.
  • King James encouraged people from England and Scotland to migrate to Catholic Ireland in the hope that this would transform the island into a Protestant one.

1680s: Migration of the Huguenots

  • Religion was important in the migration of French Huguenots to Britain.
  • They were welcomed to Britain after suffering persecution in France for their Protestant beliefs.

1840s-1850s: Migration of the Irish after the Great Famine

  • In the 19th century British discrimination against the native Irish Catholics ensured Ireland remained economically under-developed.
  • When famine struck between 1845 and 1852 over one million left Ireland and many chose to settle in Britain.