A cutting from a plant is grafted (attached) on to the stem of another plant. The cut surfaces of the two plants grow together. A plant variety that grows poorly but produces desirable products such as edible fruit can be grafted onto the stem of a plant that grows well and has characteristics such as disease resistance.
Plants that are produced by artificial propagation are genetically identical to each other and to the parent. A group like this is called a clone.
Advantages for the plant of carrying out asexual reproduction:
Advantage for plants of carrying out sexual reproduction: