Edward I of England had been friendly towards Alexander and Scotland, so the Guardians informed him of Alexander III’s death and of the arrangements for Margaret's coronation.
Edward I was interested in becoming more involved in Scotland's affairs and suggested to the Guardians that Margaret be married to his son, who was also called Edward.
As a result the Treaty of Birgham was signed in 1290, near the Scottish border with England. There were a number of conditions in the marriage agreement:
Tragedy struck in October 1290 while Margaret was travelling from Norway to Scotland. She took ill aboard ship in dangerous seas and died in Orkney, not far from the Scottish mainland.
This meant that the Scottish Kingdom was again in crisis: