Land use

Conflicts and solutions

The variety of land users, and the distance a river covers from source to mouth, inevitably lead to disagreements over the use of different parts of the river.

As there are so many different landowners and land users many conflicts arise. We will focus on two and the various management strategies designed to minimise these conflicts.

Conflict 1: tourists vs conservationists

Vehicles blocking access points to the riverIn some areas National Park authorities will monitor access sites to ensure they are not blocked. 'Keep clear' signs are also in place
Angling on the river being disturbed by other activities, eg kayakingThe 'Countryside Code/Outdoor Access Code' is promoted on TV and at local tourist information points. Wardens patrol areas to ensure that local laws are being adhered to
Litter left by tourists especially campersPublic bodies such as SEPA (Scottish Environmental Protection Agency) monitor water quality
Narrow roads and high volumes of traffic leads to traffic congestion around tourist attractions, eg waterfallsThe use of public transport and cycling is promoted

Conflict 2: conservationists vs industry

Dumping of warm waste water by factories into rivers affecting marine wildlifeFactories monitored and fined for illegal dumping of waste
Discharge of oil from large ships getting into the water and causing pollution and damage to marine habitatsProposals to set up special Marine National Parks to protect marine life and their habitats
HEP stations spoiling the natural look of the landscapeHEP stations are usually located in rural areas away from towns and cities, minimising visual impact
Runoff from farm fertilisers can poison fishEncouragement of organic farming on farms which are near rivers
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