Brahman is a term used by Hindus to describe God or the Supreme Being. It can also refer to the ‘divine consciousness’. Brahman is a supreme, universal spirit that is eternal and unchanging.

Hindu holy books refer to Brahman as being present throughout the entire universe and Hindus believe that all living beings carry a part of Brahman within them. This divine spark is known as the atman, or soul, and it is immortal. The Katha Upanishad describes Brahman as: That which is awake in us even while we sleep, shaping in dreams the objects of our desire – that indeed is pure, that is Brahman, and that verily is called the Immortal. All the worlds have their being in that, and no one can transcend it. That is the Self (Katha Upanishad 2.2.8).

The Vishnu Purana, which is a medieval Hindu text, states that:

The energies of the Supreme are spread throughout the universe.Vishnu Purana 1.22.53

In the Bhagavad Gita (13:15–17), Lord Krishna states that Brahman is both within (immanent) and beyond (transcendent) the universe and its limitations.

Brahman can be shown in many forms and this includes deities, or representations of the divine.