Comparatives

Comparatives are used to compare two things and say one thing is bigger, smaller, better, etc than the other. For example:

  • Barcelona es más grande que Marbella (Barcelona is bigger than Marbella)
  • Jorge es menos hablador que Xavi (Jorge is less talkative than Xavi)

This is how to form comparatives:

Word chain to construct Spanish "more than" mas + adjective + queWord chain to construct Spanish "less than" menos + adjective + que
curriculum-key-fact
Don't forget that the adjectives still have to agree, eg mi casa es más pequeña que tu piso (my house is smaller than your flat).

Irregular comparatives

The adjectives good, bad, old and young have their own special comparative form in Spanish. In these cases, it is not necessary to include más or menos:

mejor (que) - better (than)

peor (que) - worse (than)

mayor (que) - older (than)

menor (que) - younger (than)

eg mi coche es mejor que tu bicicleta (my car is better than your bike), mis amigos son mayores que yo (my friends are younger than me).

Comparing similar things

Comparatives can also describe how similar two things are, eg la película es tan interesante como el libro (the film is as interesting as the book) by using this structure:

Word chain to construct Spanish "as ... as"
Question

Translate these sentences into English.

  1. Laura es más rica que Fede.
  2. El castillo es tan interesante como el museo.
  3. Los autobuses son peores que los trenes.
  4. Las playas son menos limpias que los parques.
  5. Mi hermana es tan alta como yo.
  1. Laura is richer than Fede.
  2. The castle is as interesting as the museum.
  3. The buses are worse than the trains.
  4. The beaches are less clean than the parks.
  5. My sister is as tall as me.