Jewish people began to arrive in Scotland in the early 1820s, although not in large enough numbers to establish communities.
In the 1880s, there were approximately 300 Jewish people living in Glasgow - this figure had risen to just less than 6000 by 1900.
The Glasgow Jewish community had increased to 10,000 by the 1930s, partly as a result of Jewish people fleeing from ill treatment in Nazi Germany and Europe.
The Gorbals in Glasgow was a major area of settlement for Jewish people in the early 1900s, due to the availability of affordable houses.
As some Jewish people became richer, they moved to more affluent areas of Glasgow, such as Pollokshields.
Jewish communities were eventually established in Edinburgh, Aberdeen, Falkirk, Greenock and Ayr. Again, another immigrant group that settled where there were jobs. This reinforces the idea that push/pull factors were largely financial.
Italian people began to migrate to Scotland in the 1870s, with many leaving Italy in the 1890s.
There were approximately 4,000 Italian people in Scotland by 1920. By the end of World War One, there were large communities in Glasgow, Inverclyde and Edinburgh.