The dance choreographer manages all routines and this individual is in charge of creating the dance sequence. They will select the moves, timing and structure of the dancers to ensure a successful performance. Although a dance requires a minimum of one person, a successful routine may require the choreographer to think about whether the piece requires:
- an object or prop
Once the choreographer has decided who will participate, they must then decide the different types of movements required to make up the dance:
- travelling - this can involve the stationary movement of body weight from one part of the body to another or the travelling movement of a person or group from one area to another
- making a shape - this can be a solid position held by the performer or a collection of body positions to make a larger shape
- being still - every dance requires movement, but this is often broken up with carefully selected actions that allow the performer to come to a stop and then go with aesthetic control
- jumping - it is very rare for a dance to be completed all on one level and jumping allows the performer to create flight and dynamic movement into the sequence
- turning - all dances require different types of turns, on different levels and sometimes around different axes
- gesturing - great dance choreography must tell a story to the viewer and gesture allows the performer to create body movements that are slow and heavy or fast and light
To create a successful sequence, the choreographer is required to decide how they want the body or bodies to travel:
- Time - how fast will the performers deliver each action. Does the whole dance need to be very fast or is it separated into fast and slow components?
- Weight - how much energy and force is required for an outstanding performance. Are the movements going to be strong and bold or are they soft and subtle?
- Flow - what continuity of movement does the performance require? At one extreme you have free flow and at the other end you have bound flow.