Squatter settlements

A problem of rapid rural to urban migration is the development of squatter settlements. In Mumbai the squatter settlement of Dharavi is now home to over 1 million people. Dharavi lies between two railway lines and is one of the biggest squatter settlements in the world. The squatter settlement is unplanned and has the following characteristics:

  • overcrowded, noisy and smelly
  • houses are made from cardboard, wood, corrugated iron, plastic sheeting and metal from oil drums
  • lack of sanitation, clean drinking water and open sewers
  • pollution and disease are common
  • thousands of workshops and people employed in the informal job sector
Dharavi slums in Mumbai, India
Dharavi squatter settlement in Mumbai, India