Introduction

Before World War One, over half of the states in the USA, especially in the Midwest, had some type of ban on alcohol in their area, with only 13 being completely dry.

Within a few years, the Federal Government extended prohibition on alcohol to all states.

On 16 January 1918, the Eighteenth Amendment to the USA’s Constitution made it illegal to manufacture, transport and sell alcohol in the USA.

The following year, in 1919, the Volstead Act set out the details of what Prohibition meant and the punishments for breaking the new law. Drinks containing more than 0.5 per cent alcohol were banned.

The aim of Prohibition, also known as “The Noble Experiment”, was to stop the trade in alcohol (intoxicating liquor).