The rising economic muscle of Prussia, combined with the decline in Austrian production meant that Prussia could develop a more modernised army. It also meant that the smaller German states began to look to Prussia for trade, especially with the benefits the Zollverein brought.
Prussia had become the most industrialised state in Germany. She was now a force to be reckoned with in Europe:
Under Prussian Prime Minister Otto Theodor von Manteuffel, Prussia passed a number of reforms to help the lower classes:
Acquisition of land on the Rhine and in the Saarland in 1815 gave Prussia access to vast amounts of raw materials including coal, iron and wood. This gave a boost to the development of industrial production. From the 1850s, Prussia began to overtake Austria in industrial output. By 1870: