The rate of transpiration is affected by several factors. These include:
The table below explains how factors increase the rate of transpiration:
|Factor||Change that increases transpiration||Explanation|
|Temperature||Increase||Increases molecular movement so that: more water molecules evaporate from cell surfaces and the rate of diffusion of water molecules from the leaf is increased|
|Humidity||Decrease||Reduces the concentration of water molecules outside the leaf so diffusion of water from the leaf increases|
|Air movement||Increase||Removes water vapour from leaf surfaces so more water diffuses from the leaf|
|Light intensity||Increase||Increases the rate of photosynthesis, stomata open so that water diffuses out of the leaf|
Plants living in different habitats have adaptations to resist extremes of these factors.
What conditions will decrease the rate of transpiration?
Decrease in temperature, increase in humidity, no or reduced air movement and low light intensities.