Calculating relative atomic mass - Higher

The relative atomic mass, Ar, of an element is calculated from:


Chlorine naturally exists as two isotopes, _{17}^{35}\textrm{Cl} (chlorine-35) and _{17}^{37}\textrm{Cl} (chlorine-37). The abundance of chlorine-35 is 75% and the abundance of chlorine-37 is 25%. In other words, in every 100 chlorine atoms, 75 atoms have a mass number of 35, and 25 atoms have a mass number of 37.

To calculate the relative atomic mass, Ar, of chlorine:



\textit{A}_\textup{r} = 35.5 (to 1 decimal place)

Notice that the answer is closer to 35 than it is to 37. This is because the chlorine-35 isotope is much more abundant than the chlorine-37 isotope.


The table shows the mass numbers and abundances of naturally-occurring copper isotopes.

Mass numberAbundance

Calculate the relative atomic mass of copper. Give your answer to 1 decimal place.



\textit{A}_\textup{r} = 63.6

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